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The concept of preclusion comes from the Latin word praeclusio, which can be translated as "obstruction" . The term is used in the field of right .

Preclusion refers to a effect that arises within the framework of the judicial process, based on the each stage of a trial implies the closing of the preceding phase . In this way, it is not possible to rethink what was decided in a previous period.

In general, preclusion is associated with loss of a procedural power when it was not exercised in weather And form. This is linked to the fact that the processes are carried out according to a consecutive order That cannot be altered.

The ordering of the processes, on the other hand, is based on reasons that are part of the State of right. Preclusion avoids delays and inaccuracies.

Preclusion regulation depends on each legislation . It is customary for you to extinguish the procedural powers of any of the parties, either the defendant or the plaintiff.

The preclusion for consumption , for example, arises when one of the parts You have already used a resource and, therefore, it is considered extinct. The preclusion for incompatibility appears if two acts cannot be sustained simultaneously. The preclusion due to lack of opportunity , meanwhile, is associated with the materialization of an act outside the established deadlines.

It should be noted that it is possible to differentiate between relative preclusion and the absolute preclusion . The relative preclusion is applied at specific times of the process but then the act can be resumed, while absolute preclusion extinguishes the possibility of execution in any situation.

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