Before proceeding to determine the meaning of the predicate term, it is necessary to record what its etymological origin is. In this sense, we can establish that it emanates from Latin and that it is the result of the sum of several components of that language:
• The prefix "pre-", which indicates "forward".
• The verb “dicare”, which can be translated as “indicate or consecrate”.
• The suffix “-ado”, which is used to establish that it has been received
In the school , we usually learn to separate the prayers in subject and predicate . In this article we will focus on the second concept: What is the predicate?
It is, for the linguistics and the grammar , of one of the components of a Gramatical sentence .
The function of the predicate is to unite the action (the verb) that is part of the sentence with the person who performs it (the subject's core), using a series of complements (direct, circumstantial, regime and predicative).
The easiest way to separate a sentence into a subject and predicate is by placing the verb and asking who does the action. For example: "Claudio plays football". In this sentence, the verb is "play" (to play). Therefore, to the question "Who plays soccer", the answer is "Claudio". This means that "Claudio" is the subject and "play soccer", the predicate.
Through predicate analysis we can know what it does, where and for what the subject referred to in the sentence.
According to the discipline with which it is analyzed, the predicate can be the constituent part of the sentence that provides information about the subject (for the syntax ) or the expression that denotes a class that allows to know the state of things and the relationship with the subject (for semantics ).
It should be noted that sentences, and also predicates, can include many other components: indirect object, direct object, adverbs, etc. Taking the previous example, the sentence could indicate that “Claudio plays football in his neighborhood square”, so the predicate would be composed of “He plays soccer in his neighborhood square”. At the other extreme, the predicate can be formed only by a verb: "Claudio plays".
The direct complement is the one that receives the action indicated by the verb, while the indirect complement is the person, the thing or the animal in which the verbal form cited is established. In this way, the aforementioned indirect complement is the one who benefits from the benefit indicated by the verb or who has to deal with the damage of the verb.
In the phrase "Eve wrote a letter to Mary," the direct complement is the letter while Mary is the indirect complement.
Many are the confusions that exist at the time of dictating the CD or the CI. However, one trick that exists to differentiate them is that the former can be replaced by the forms "lo," "la," "los," or "las." The IC, on the other hand, can be replaced by “le” or “les” and also usually is preceded by the following prepositions: “a” or “para”.
The circumstantial complements, on the other hand, can be very varied: of time, of place, of cause, of way, of company, of quantity, of instrument…
The notion of predicate, on the other hand, may also appear within the scope of mathematics , the logic wave computing , as a function or a relationship between two or more terms.
Types of predicate
Bimonthly sentences (those statements that say something about someone) can have two types of predicate: verbal predicate (its core is a verb) and nonverbal predicate (Its nucleus is not a verb).
When the predicate includes a verb , this one acts as nucleus of this phrase and is linked to the subject's core through different complements.
The verb present in the predicate can be copulative or not copulative . In the first case, it functions as a link between the grammatical subject and the attribute. If the verb is non-copulative, instead, it constitutes a verbal predicate With the verb as the nucleus.
For their part, the nonverbal predicates They are divided into several groups among which two should be highlighted:
* Nominals : The nucleus is a noun, an adjective or a construction that begins with a preposition. They are usually sentences with commas, where it usually replaces the verb be or be. Example. "You, evil (you are)
* Adverbial : The nucleus is an adverb or a circumstantial expression. Eg: "My parents' house, on the beach" (is).
Another concept linked to the one we are analyzing is that of predicative sentences . These are called those simple sentences whose predicate has a nucleus that is a predicative verb; This means that it is not a copulative verb nor can it be substituted by the verbs ser or estar. Within this group there are three types of sentences.
* Active: the subject performs the action or chairs it (known as the agent subject). In turn they can be transitive active (the verb requires a complement to specify its meaning) and intransitive active (they have no complement because the verb has a full meaning).
* Passive preaching: The verb is written in a passive voice and the subject is patient (he is affected by the action but does not perform it). It is worth mentioning that the passive verb is constructed using the verb ser or ser that works as an auxiliary. For example: "Apartment for sale" (by someone).
There are others predicative sentences but those cited are the most common.