In the field of medicine , talk about prevention to refer to the actions carried out with the objective of avoid or reduce the impact of a disease . According to their characteristics, there are different types of prevention.
The Primary prevention point to prevent the acquisition of disease . This instance, therefore, implies acting before the emergence of the disorder.
It can be affirmed that primary prevention seeks that the person don't be sick . With this objective, doctors must develop certain strategies and actions.
Campaigns to promote condom use in sexual intercourse They constitute an example of primary prevention. If a condom is used, the risk of getting it sexually transmitted diseases , as AIDS or gonorrhea , it is greatly reduced: the effectiveness of these products is estimated to prevent contagion around the 98% . Thus, these campaigns help to stop the epidemics.
Through primary prevention, in short, it is intended to act on the factors of risk or the causal agents . These initiatives are aimed at healthy individuals.
As we said above, there are other levels of prevention beyond primary prevention. The secondary prevention It has the purpose of achieving early detection of the disease and its immediate approach to prevent or hinder its developing .
After primary prevention and secondary prevention, the tertiary prevention , associated with the treatment of evil to achieve rehabilitation of the subject. Finally, experts also refer to the quaternary prevention , focused on relapses.