The science dedicated to analyze the characteristics of mental processes and the way they influence behavior is called psychology . Forensic , for its part, is an adjective that mentions what is linked to forum , in the sense of a court.
The Forensic psychology , therefore, it is the branch of psychology whose purpose is to collaborate with the magistrates who must resolve a Judicial process . Forensic psychologists are responsible for collect and study psychological data that are useful in the framework of a judgment .
These experts must have knowledge of Right to carry out their tasks correctly and to work together with lawyers, prosecutors and judges. Thus a forensic psychologist can become an expert and give testimony as an expert in a trial, making his contribution to the Justice .
It is important to highlight the need for the forensic psychologist to know the concepts and rules of the legal system of the country in which he works; The lack of understanding of any of the fundamental points of justice can result in being excluded from the process after losing credibility before the court.
There are several issues that forensic psychology can analyze to help a judge. One of the most common refers to the study of mental condition of a defendant to determine if he understood the action he allegedly committed and its consequences. If a man is charged with murder, a forensic psychologist can point out if the individual, at the time of the fact, was aware of what he was doing.
With regard to the training necessary to pursue forensic psychology, some of the options are the organizational psychology , social and clinical, although it is essential for expert practice to have theoretical knowledge and proven experience in psychological evaluation through psychopathology, projective and psychometric instruments.
Forensic psychology can also inform about the treatment a convicted person should receive. The judge, in this way, will have more tools to determine how the pain .
It is important to understand that forensic psychology can explain the behavior of a person and provide that information to a court, but does not have the capacity or the power to defend, prosecute or prosecute an individual.
The court usually expects from the forensic psychologist answers to very specific legal issues related to the case, and the language in which they must be expressed is legal . In other words, the judge, the lawyers and the jury are not interested in knowing the state of mental health of the accused from a purely scientific point of view but, on the contrary, direct consequences that can generate in the process judicial, the limits that can be established when questioning and sentencing.
Forensic psychology is often at the center of various controversies, especially when used to exempt a criminal from guilt ensuring that he was not aware of his actions. Although when the unfortunate events do not touch us closely it is common for human beings to be interested in the mysteries of the mind, nobody wants to see the murderer of his son be released because science declares him unimputable.
This does not mean that forensic psychologists tend to look for reasons to justify the actions of the accused; if this branch of psychology did not exist, the system could not provide justice fairly and would act against the principles of equality that tries to promote. In addition, in some cases, professionals in this discipline provide information that makes the charges more severe.