Direction is the action and effect of directing (take something towards a term or place, guide, direct operations to an end, rule, give rules, advise or guide). The concept has its origin in the Latin word directive.
He path or the course which follows a body in its movement and the line on which a point moves are known as direction. For example: "The individual left the house and walked in that direction before getting lost among the pedestrians", “If you want to get to the beach, you will have to walk in the opposite direction”, "If I had continued in that direction, I would have rushed into the void".
Another use of the notion of direction refers to the teaching and the advice with which a person is routed: “He has a great natural talent, but he needs the guidance of an experienced man”, "Have no doubt: with my address, your presentation will be a success".
The address is also the activity that consists of guide actions of a company , a organization or a person towards a certain end. The director must set goals, make decisions and guide his subordinates: “The company offers high quality products, but it shows important flaws in its direction”, “The management of the company was left to Dr. Ramón Filkenstein”, "Since the Portuguese took over the technical direction of the team, the victories are much more frequent".
He home of a person , the Location of a building and the site of a site in Internet are other meanings of address: "I'd like to say hello to your brother, what is his address?", "I don't have the office address", “The address of the NBA site is www.nba.com”.
The use of certain techniques to guide a group of musicians in the performance of an orchestra is known work, with the objective that the result be faithful to the intentions of the composer, as expressed in the score.
This discipline began with the direction of singers during the Middle Ages and became more complex with the appearance of instruments created by the human being, whose combination with the voices brought a series of major challenges, given the greater polyphonic and polyrhythmic variety. It was then that the idea of using a cane to constantly indicate the rhythm to the musicians arose, and this could be done silently or with small strokes.
However, since the cane was much larger than the tool used today, which is called baton, its use caused various accidents of varying severity, and gradually its design was changing to adapt to the needs of the directors.
It is worth mentioning that throughout the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, it was very common for composers to direct performances of their own works. But this was not always possible; in those cases, the most usual thing was to ask one of the musicians to meet the role of director (in general, the first violin or the person in charge of the continuous bass was chosen).
Fundamentally, the orchestra conduction relies on three types of techniques:
* gestures: different patterns of movement of the baton for to draw in the air the rhythm and give various indications;
* psychological: hide in the connection that the director establishes with the musicians and the public, and seek to add to the interpretation the emotional nuances of the works;
* of testing: all the tools used by the director during practice sessions to get musicians interested in the work and overcome all the technical challenges they encounter along the way.