Negligence , from Latin negligence, is the lack of care or carelessness . Negligent conduct, generally, it implies a risk for oneself or for third parties and is produced by the omission of the calculation of the foreseeable and possible consequences of the own action .
For example: a person Talking on the phone while driving a vehicle is committing negligence. It has been proven that talking and driving are two activities that cannot be done at the same time since the subject is deconcentrated and can cause a traffic accident.
Negligence is punishable by Justice , whether civil or criminal as appropriate. The fault is given in the omission of the conduct due to anticipate and avoid the damage caused. In the case of the previous example, the person who drives while talking on the phone exhibits undue behavior, since the risk of causing an accident is known to everyone; Therefore, such conduct is punishable by law through infractions.
An individual who lights a fire in the middle of a forest It also acts negligently. In these cases, the intention of the subject is not judged: that is, he is not accused of trying to cause a fire. Beyond intentionality, his actions are negligent due to the carelessness he reflects and the potential damage he may cause to the environment and to his own person. If the fire gets out of control or is not put out as it should, the forest fire will occur even though this was not in your plans. Justice, therefore, will punish the subject.
It is worth mentioning that negligence it's not always so apparent as in the cases mentioned above; when it causes damage psychological in a third party, there is not always evidence to find those responsible and apply the full weight of the Law. This occurs with the various types of abuse to which a person can be subjected, especially those who leave no trace on the body.
When a person is psychologically abused, especially when the victim is a minor and is under the guardianship of one or more adults, the dynamics of abuse It usually has more components than those found with the naked eye: beyond the aggressor and his dam, there may be one or more potential witnesses. Negligence takes place when they are kept at the side of the situation, either for fear of intervening or as a result of the negation, for not wanting to accept that the abuse is real.
In a case like this, negligence, which can come from a parent or friend, generates damage almost as deep as the abuse itself. The victim not only must he bear the memory of the humiliations he has suffered for a long period of time, but his trust in others becomes his worst weakness; the negligence of that or those loved ones who have not acted when they were in time to interrupt or even avoid the abuse, they decided not to do so, becoming indirect participants, going from being friends to enemies. The wound increases when the abuser used to be part of the intimate circle of the victim.
Something that negligence usually entails in most cases is serious consequences. This does not mean, on the other hand, that those who act without thinking are always aware of their mistakes and learn from them so as not to commit them again. However, when negligence is repeated systematically, since it is impossible to ignore its impact, it is more accurate to speak of intentional acts; In other words, behavior.