From french bataille, a battle is a combat between two or more forces . It could be said that a battle is a stage or a confrontation that occurs within the framework of a major warlike conflict, such as a war or a military campaign. That is, wars are formed by a series of battles.
Each battle is defined by the geographical space and the time period in which it takes place. In this way it is possible to distinguish the different episodes of this type in the context of war.
Throughout history it is interesting to establish that various criteria have been followed when it comes to starting a battle. Thus, they have been used since the date on which it took place until the name of the space where it was carried out. However, other elements have also been used for this purpose, such as the geographic coordinates that identified the place where the confrontation was.
Specialists in military matters point out that wars must be planned from a strategy , while battles require the application of a tactic . The force that wins the most battles will surely keep the victory in the war.
“Losing a battle is not losing the war” It is a common expression that refers to the magnitude of this type of conflict. A army You can lose one or more battles but, finally, keep the ultimate military triumph.
Among the most important battles we would have to speak, without a doubt, of the following:
• Battle of Thermopylae. The year 480 BC was the moment in which that occurred, which is part of the Second Medical War and that caused the Persian Empire's troops to fight against the Greek polis.
• Battle of Waterloo. In the year 1815, in Waterloo (Belgium) it was where this warlike conflict took place, framed within the so-called Napoleonic Wars. The French troops and a coalition, formed by countries such as the United Kingdom or Spain, clashed in the one that made it the second force mentioned that won the victory.
• Battle of Lepanto. October 1571 was the date on which the development of this aforementioned battle took place in the Gulf of Corinth, located in Greece. It was the confrontation between the Turkish Empire, in its eagerness to expand throughout the Mediterranean Sea area, and a Holy League. This was composed of several Christian kingdoms (Spain, Malta, Savoy ...) and was the winner.
It is possible to distinguish between different types of battles. The encounter battle It is one that explodes almost spontaneously, without the forces having prepared their attacks or defenses. The battle of attrition aspires to the enemy suffer greater losses than their own, which are admitted as normal in this context. The battle of annihilation , the ring battle and the enveloping battle They are other types of battles.
In the field of automotive , the battle is the distance between the axles of a vehicle.