Taboo it is a polynesian term that means "The forbidden" . The concept allows mentioning the behaviors or Actions that are banned or censored by a human group due to cultural, social or religious issues.
Taboos are usually established on what is considered unnatural . Anyone who breaks a taboo commits a foul and is punished, either from the legal aspect (when the offense is a crime and involves a violation of the law) or social (through discrimination, public conviction, etc.).
Most of the taboos arise from the cultural tradition, although some can also be developed from the dominant political interests. A taboo, in short, always represents a restriction to the field of action of people .
Among the various types of existing taboos we should highlight those that refer to the prohibition of pronouncing certain words or phrases. Specifically, Chinese culture is the one that perhaps has encouraged and developed more such restrictions in language, such as when it comes to naming certain emperors, sanctities or ancestors.
Fans of the literary and film saga "Harry Potter," created by writer J.K. Rowling, for example, know that the characters at the beginning of it also had a taboo in this line. Thus, it was forbidden to say the name of Voldemort, who is the antagonist, the lord of the dark side who wants to take over the world.
In this sense, we also have to highlight the existence of a board game called Tabú. And it is that in it the contestants have to guess a word through the descriptions of others. Of course, the latter are prohibited from using certain concepts that would allow that one to be known quickly.
The notion of taboo changes with history and depends on each community. A subject can even develop a behavior considered taboo by society but that does not cause him any rejection. In these cases, it is usual for such conduct to be carried out in private or in secret, to avoid public prosecution.
He cannibalism It is one of the most widespread taboos. Eating human flesh is considered aberrant by the vast majority of people. Other food taboos are more limited, such as the fact eat pork (something condemned by Judaism but common to Catholics, for example).
Sexuality includes many taboos, some widespread (such as incest wave zoophilia ) and others that are currently obsolete (the homosexuality , he premarital sex ).
In addition to all of the above, it should be noted that in 2012 the movie "Taboo" was released. Originally from Portugal is one that is part of the dramatic genre and that takes three different people as protagonists: an old woman with a lot of character, the caretaker that she has and the neighbor.
The last two women will be those who, when the first one dies, discover that in the past the woman lived a love story full of passion and adventures in African lands.