In order to know the meaning of the term alloy, the first thing we have to do is discover its etymological origin. In this case, we have to underline that it is a word that comes from Latin. More exactly it should be noted that it becomes a term that is composed of three very well differentiated parts:
-The prefix “ad-”, which can be translated as “towards”.
-The verb "ligare", which is synonymous with "binding."
-The suffix "-cion", which is equivalent to "action and effect".
Alloy is the process and the consequence of alloying . This action, meanwhile, refers to melt certain elements to achieve the product known just as alloy, which is formed by two or more components of which, at least, one is a metal .
An alloy, therefore, is a metal properties element . Alloys can be made with lead , iron , copper and aluminum , among other metals. As for non-metallic components, they are usually used sulfur , carbon , match and silicon .
According to the predominant component, the alloys are classified differently. A ferric alloy For example, it will have a high amount of iron. Typically, the alloys have properties chemical and physical similar to those presented by metals.
Thermal conductors and electricity , the alloys stand out for their exceptional mechanical properties. They can have a great hardness or be very ductile, according to their characteristics. This confirms usefulness in different contexts.
Certain alloys are very popular and are used in multiple fields. It is important to underline in this case the bronze, which was already known 3,000 BC and which is the result of an alloy between tin and copper. Discovering it was really important since, among other things, it allowed the creation and construction of endless objects with it. Such size achieved that material that even, historically, its stage is known as the Bronze Age. It is used to make ornaments, utensils, weapons, jewels, coins and musical instruments, among others products .
He steel It is also a very widespread alloy worldwide. It consists of iron and carbon and can be used to build bridges, tanks, ovens, tools of different types, monuments, car parts and many other objects. From steel we can also say that it has been part of our life for centuries. Specifically, it is considered to have been shaped since antiquity.
Other alloys that we can highlight and that are currently significant are the following:
-Stainless steel, which is obtained from chromium, nickel and iron.
-White gold, which is used primarily in the field of jewelry. It is composed of gold, nickel, copper and zinc.
-Duralumin, which is an alloy of aluminum, copper, manganese and magnesium.
The alpaca , he brass and the pewter they are other of the most usual alloys produced by metallurgical companies.