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The Latin word ratio became our language , in ration . The term is used to name the fraction , the portion or the piece of a food that is served to a person in a meal.

For example: "I am not satisfied with my portion of salad: I would like to be served a little more, please", “The meat ration offered in this restaurant it's very abundant, I don't think I can finish it ”, “As you passed the exam, today you will receive double servings of vanilla ice cream”.

When we follow a diet to lose weight or gain weight, it is common for the professional in charge of designing it to indicate how many servings of each food we should eat per meal. In fact, this term is not so used in everyday speech unless we are in a conversation related to problems with obesity or, on the contrary, food deficiency , an evil that affects millions of people around the world, regardless of their social status.

Food deficiency, also called nutritional deficiency , is a phenomenon that occurs when a person does not consume enough of one or more nutrients that are essential for the health of our body. Although one of the causes of this problem is the absence of these elements in the food, it can also occur as a result of a disease that causes its elimination at a higher rate than normal.

Organize the food to cover all our nutritional needs It is not easy, even for those who do not reject vegetables and fruits. Given the exposure that the lifetime Modern assumes certain diseases and infections, especially in urban settings, human beings tend to need certain supplements to maintain our health that were not necessary for our distant ancestors.

The plan called 5 a day teaches us to consume five daily servings of fresh fruits and vegetables to maintain a diet balanced and healthy. The secret behind the number of portions is that they give us approximately 85% water, various vitamins (among which are C, B1, B2, B3, B6 and folic acid), carotenoid compounds (especially beta-carotene ), minerals (such as magnesium, potassium and small amounts of phosphorus, iron and calcium), phytochemicals (organic compounds such as phenolics, phytosterols and glucosinolates, which have plants and offer various benefits) and fiber.

Eating just five servings of fruits and vegetables a day helps us prevent various problems of Health , such as digestive disorders, some heart diseases, certain types of cancer and neurodegenerative diseases, without forgetting that it is the ideal way to combat obesity and overweight.

The concept can also be used to indicate the assignment , whether monetary or in kind, which is given every day to some workers (such as sailors or military) so that they can feed. On the other hand, ration is the denomination of the quantity of certain products , whose sale is restricted by an exceptional situation, which people can buy.

In a sense similar to this last meaning, it is known as combat ration to the food that allows a soldier to feed on the battlefield. You can also talk about emergency ration when the food in question is delivered to the victims of any catastrophe .

In colloquial language, the idea of ​​ration can be used to name the level , the quantity or the number of something: "I miss you, I need a good portion of your kisses", "The skilled Portuguese striker received his usual ration of kicks every time he entered the rival area", "Who wants to receive a tickle ration before going to sleep?".

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