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By separation the act and consequence of separating or being separated (that is, set or increase a distance, isolate). The term has its origin in Latin separatio and is often used to mention the cessation of life as a couple established by a decision taken by the parties or decreed by a court ruling, without representing the dissolution of the marriage bond .

Separation, in this sense, is an intermediate situation between conjugal union and the sentence of divorce . At the legal level, this category or classification is used in case the law valid does not authorize divorce. In these cases, the separation assumes that the couple's relationship remains in force, although several of the obligations and rights that reach the members of the family are terminated. couple .

The separation of the hitherto spouses can be a de facto separation (agreed between those involved, without the link having been dissolved by legal means) or a judicial separation (which has various legal effects on the members of the couple).

In everyday life, separation marks the end of living together. The people involved should agree on the distribution of the assets, legal custody of the descendants and other issues.

It is important to insist that, despite the separation, in order for the marriage to dissolve, the divorce must be processed. Therefore, someone who has separated but not divorced cannot get a bridal bond without incurring bigamy .

Couples, in general, first decide the separation and then begin the divorce proceedings. This allows, after the separation and before the divorce, the couple has the possibility of recomposing and the spouses resume the usual married life.

The children before the separation of the parents

The beings that suffer most in the separation of a couple are the children; who must get used to living with only one of their parents and adapt to a new lifestyle.

In recent years the number of separations has been increasing; people are united more by specific circumstances than by a common plan, and in a short time that relationship That seemed perfect is over. And finally, children are the ones who end up paying for the bad decisions of the parents and the consequent changes that the rupture causes in the family structure.

At the same time the relationships in the couple bond (parents continue to see each other but behave in an absolutely different way), they also do it between parents and children. According to their age, the consequences of separation will be more severe or less. Of course, the way in which this break is carried out also greatly influences; that is, it is done in an organized way, as calm as possible and without quarrels or violence, it is possibly easier for children to assimilate that change.

There are many ways in which children express their feelings about this new circumstance in their lives. Some become absolutely rebellious, getting parents to lose control over them; others enclose themselves and avoid talking about the subject to the fullest, convincing everyone that they have overcome it. However, there are some generalized behaviors according to the age of each child.
* Between 2 and 6 years old: Regressive behaviors (such as peeing in bed), problems with food and demonstration of apathy with one of the parents;
* Between 7 and 12 years old: Behaviors of manipulation, recrimination and feelings of guilt that lead them to commit risky actions;
* In adolescence: Assume risky behavior, rejection of their parents and impulsive responses to everything that happens to them.

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