The original meaning of Vanguard refers to the part of an armed force that goes in front of the main body . The vanguard is constituted by the first lines of the formation of combat.
The concept can be extended to name the advanced of an artistic, political or ideological movement . In this sense, the avant-garde is something new that escapes the dominant trend and that could lay the foundations for future development.
The vanguard is a renewal of forms and contents. In the case of art, for example, it tries to reinvent its bases and faces the existing movements. In the beginning, the vanguard is a minority and usually generates rejection by traditionalist circles. Over time, however, she can become part of the system (losing, as a consequence, its avant-garde condition).
Although the avant-garde have very different characteristics from each other, they resemble the fight against traditions, the commitment to innovation, the exercise of freedom individual and its experimental character.
The vanguard On the other hand, it is a morning newspaper of general information that is published in the city of Barcelona (Spain ). His first edition was published in 1881 , a fact that makes it one of the oldest newspapers in the country.
He Godó Group , linked to the origins of the newspaper, is the current owner of The vanguard . Its president and chief editor is Javier Godó , born in 1941 . On a political level, The vanguard It is located in the centrism. It's about a daily of liberal and catalanist tendency.
The artistic avant-gardes
Between 1914 and 1939 there was an evolution in the way of thinking, both in art and politics, and the artistic avant-garde represented movements that changed the vision of people and reality, leaving attention to detail behind , in pursuit of greater creative freedom, using abstract images and giving colors an unprecedented importance.
Some of the most significant movements were:
* Futurism: originated by Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, through the publication of a manifesto that invited the search for a modern order, leaving behind the past and the tradition. World War I played a leading role in the end of Futurism, given that many of its representatives died on the battlefield. Ironically, many had thought that such a fatal landmark in history would have served to destroy the schemes that had been given so far, leaving a blank canvas on which to reconstruct the culture of the West;
* the cubism: it is a reflection about form, from a perspective intellectual and visual The most recurring themes of this movement are still life and portraits. He also saw the emergence of the collage, which consisted of the combination of pieces of various materials on the same surface. Basically, Cubism proposes the representation of nature through the use of geometry, placing figures in a single plane. It should be mentioned that he also made his appearance in literature, thanks to the work of the French writer Guillaume Apollinare; in this case, it was based on the combination of random concepts and images;
* Suprematism: heavily influenced by the two newly exposed movements, Suprematism was based on giving a leading position to pure sensitivity and his supremacy in the figurative arts. Some of their tracks are the use of shapes geometric basic, such as squares, lines and circles, painted with a limited range of colors; his evolution saw a stage in which he experimented with the monochrome, and also gave works made exclusively in black and white.