To understand what is the social protection , it is useful to analyze the two terms that make up the expression. Is called protection to the act and the result of to protect : care, protect, safeguard. Social , meanwhile, is that linked to the society (a community of individuals living in the same territory, under common norms).
The idea of social protection , in this framework, refers to actions that allow provide shelter at people . Usually the concept is linked to the public policies aimed at protecting vulnerable groups .
Social protection points to minimize the risks linked to poverty and other issues that generate vulnerability. The purpose is that, with help , the subjects can satisfy their elementary needs and solve certain problems.
According to United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO ), social protection can be developed through programs of labor protection , social Security and social care . The measures include the delivery of subsidies and economic contributions and the development of affiliation systems that provide contingency coverage.
A social protection policy may include the payment of a certain amount of money at poor families who have three or more children . This sum is delivered without any consideration: that is, the beneficiary does not have to comply with a labor obligation to access the resources, but can dispose of them for their condition. He State , with this social protection, it seeks that these family groups have the indispensable money to feed the children, for example.