The term chirality refers to the chiral condition . East adjective (chiral), meanwhile, refers to the element that cannot overlap with its own mirror image .
Chirality, in this way, is associated with asymmetry . When an object distinguishes itself from its reflected image, it is chiral. On the other hand, if overlapping with the mirror image is possible and a match is recorded, it is something aquiral .
In the field of chemistry , talk about chiral molecules when the mirror image of them is not superimposable. Typically, this property is given by an atom of asymmetric carbon , also know as chiral carbon . These mirror images of a chiral molecule are called optical isomers or enantiomers .
For the physical , chirality is a phenomenon that allows you to describe how particles behave in a levógiro or dextrógiro reference system. Starting from the property named spin , helicity can be determined which, in certain cases, is equal to chirality.
The idea of chirality also appears in the field of geometry . Chirality occurs when a figure cannot be adjusted to its mirror image by means of translations and rotations.
It is easier to understand the chirality by taking examples known. The shoes , in this framework, they are chiral: the left shoe is a mirror image of the right shoe (and vice versa). It is evident that both shoes do not match if they are superimposed. The same goes for the human hands , which cannot overlap and, therefore, there is chirality between them.