The Greek word enképhalos derived in Latin scientific accept them, which in turn came to our language as brain . This is what the group of organs that are inside the skull and they are part of Central Nervous System of the Vertebrate animals .
He skull It is a structure of bones in whose cavity is the brain. The protection conferred by this bone sector is very important for life, since the brain directs most of the essential activities and actions for a human being.
The main part of the brain corresponds to brain , which is divided into lobes. This organ is responsible for the control of the nervous system and is subdivided into forebrain or anterior brain ; midbrain or middle brain ; and rhombencephalon or posterior brain .
Another region of the brain is the cerebellum , which allows the integration of motor and sensory pathways. He spinal bulb , meanwhile, it is also in the brain, being an extension of the spinal cord . That is why it is said that the medulla oblongata (also called oblong cord ) enables communication between the brain and spinal cord.
Brain problems can cause all kinds of disorders and even death. The body control, the memory and intelligence depend on the brain, so that damage to this set of organs has serious consequences.
The schizophrenia , the Parkinson's disease , the Alzheimer disease and the Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis They are some pathologies that affect the brain. There are also bacteria and viruses that, when generating a infection , alter its functioning.