The notion of chiroscopy It is used in the field of criminology . This is the name of analysis of the drawings of the palms for identification purposes .
Those lines, known as chirograms , began to be studied scientifically at the beginning of twentieth century . The American Harris Hawthorne Wilder is considered as one of the pioneers in this matter, which took hold around the decade of 1920 .
Storage and classification of chirograms can help researchers solve crimes and other crimes. For this it is important that, in the place of the facts, the specialists carry out an inspection to detect the palm prints and then compare them with the files or with the lines of possible suspects.
What chiroscopy does, in short, is to study the epidermal ridges of the palms . Experts recognize six regions in each palm: in the center is the palmar depression , around which there are five prominences.
Two of the most important elements that chiropractic recognizes in the palms are the whorls and the loops . From them you can establish various groups that allow the preparation of archive of the palm prints.
Beyond the value of chroscopy, this technique has been relegated by the fingerprint : the examination of fingerprints. That is why it is more common for fingerprints to be analyzed instead of palm prints.
We also study the footprints from the feet (pelmatoscopy ). All these fields of knowledge (chiroscopy, dactyloscopy and pelmatoscopy) are part of the lofoscopy .