The Latin term castra, which can be translated as "camp" , he came to classical Arabic and then to Hispanic Arabic before appearing in our language as alcazar . According to the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE ), an alcazar is a fortified structure wave a prince's house .
In Spain , it is usual to call those alcazar palaces of the Muslim era that then the Christian monarchs were responsible for rebuilding or modifying. Alcazabas used to be built at the ends of the alcazares, spaces used to house a Garrison .
The Royal Alcazar of Seville they constitute one of the most outstanding examples of alcazares. It is a series of constructions that began to rise in the High Middle Ages and that are protected by a wall. Its construction began with an Islamic style and then acquired other forms, especially from the Castilian domain. Since 1987 , the Royal Alcazar of Seville they are part of World Heritage of the UNESCO .
He Alcazar of Segovia , raised on a hill, it was erected on the remains of a Roman fortification. Its construction began in the XII century and served as residence for different kings. Today it houses a Museum It opens its doors almost every day of the year.
Cordova , Guadalajara and Toledo are others cities Spanish that have alcazares. In the first of them we find the Alcazar de los Reyes Cristianos, whose construction took place in the first half of the fourteenth century and was carried out in an area where there were vestiges of previous buildings, given that since the Roman era there was a space closed with remains of several constructions.
At first, the Alcazar of Córdoba was the site where the Catholic Monarchs directed the conquest of the Kingdom of Granada. Further on was the space in which the Inquisition Court operated.
The Alcazar of Guadalajara, meanwhile, dates from the ninth century and is of Andalusian origin. This term refers to the territory known as Al Andalus, located in the Iberian Peninsula and the region Western Gaul Narbonense, a province of the Roman Empire; He was subjected to Muslim power from 711 to 1492.
With the passing of the decades and the centuries, this fortress has had different functions, since at first it was a fortification from which it should to protect the city, but it has become a royal palace, a loom factory and even a military barracks. It is located in the Alamín ravine and extends over a hectare. Upon arriving in the city, it can be seen that this construction separates it from the artisan district of the Acallería.
During the Contemporary age , name used to designate the period of history which is located between the French Revolution or the Declaration of Independence of North America and the present, the Alcazar of Toledo served for the organization of a military academy.
Colonel José Moscardó Ituarte, of the rebel side of the Spanish Civil War , that is to say one of the many organizations that fought against the Second Republic through the coup He took this building and managed to maintain it, even after the Republic militias warned him that if he did not leave the site his son would be killed.
Beyond the Spanish surface, the Castle chapultepec in the Mexico City . Said building, built at the time of Viceroyalty of New Spain , was the only one Royal Castle Located in the Americas. In times of Maximilian I from Mexico It worked as a fortress.