This concept is formed by two terms that in themselves contain individual and authentic sense.
Analysis is the exam of a reality capable of intellectual study that, through the distinction and separation of its parts, allows to know its constituent elements and principles.
Literary is that belonging or relative to the literature . This term, which comes from Latin litterae, is linked to the set of knowledge to write and read well. Literature is an art that has the language As a means of expression.
He literary analysis , therefore, consists of a evaluation to shred and recognize the different aspects that make up a work. This work is done by examining the plot, theme, exhibition, style and other issues related to a literary work.
Thanks to the literary analysis, you can know what resources the author of a particular work used, with what intention he used them and what things he took into account when developing a certain structure or perching on a gender in particular. As we approach the analysis of the work we can understand more fully everything that is linked to it and take it to a higher level of understanding.
How to make a literary analysis?
Analyzing a literary work, then, is an activity that requires certain essential steps that, beyond the differences in the case, they are repeated again and again at the time of analysis .
Although there are people who are especially dedicated to the development and research of the works, for which they have been prepared for several years; Any good reader could be a potential analyst if he wants to; although you must bear in mind that it is an arduous task and that it will require a lot of time and attention on your part.
The first step of all literary analysis is the reading of the work and the recognition of its historical and social context . Since then, the theme, structure and form of the text must be determined and characterize the characters and the environment.
Depending on the type of text we face our analysis will take one direction or another. According to the demands of work, in turn, we will get a more complex or superficial work, it always depends on what are the reasons that lead us to do it.
We will have to determine, first, gender and subgenre To which the work belongs. For example: story, police. It is often very useful to establish comparisons between the work in question and another belonging to the same genre, because there are common elements that can help us in the interpretation of the work of our interest.
If it is a work in prose We will have to address aspects such as style, considering that this is the way in which the writer has wished to express himself on that occasion. And analyzing the language of that author. Another thing that we must take into account is the narrative rhythm: the speed at which the events unfold and consider whether the author has met our expectations around this issue. We must also analyze the narrator's point of view : who tells the story and how, taking into account above all the degree of credibility that it has achieved in our opinion.
At the end of our exhaustive analysis we will have to capture the conclusions of our work. The most important thing at this moment is to capture all the characteristics of the work from different points of view. It is also possible to include a critical analysis, opinions based on the detailed characteristics and, if we want to be more correct references to show the truth of our conclusions .