Before entering fully into the meaning of the term truck, it is necessary to proceed to know the etymological origin of it. In this case, we can establish that it derives from French, from the word gala “truck” that can be translated as “car”.
The term truck lets name a vehicle with engine It has at least four wheels and is used for the transfer of very heavy loads. Typically, trucks are used to transport goods .
Most trucks have a cabin where the driver and his companion travels and of a large chassis equipped with some kind of structure for the transport of the load . Many times, on the rear axle, they have double wheelsets.
There are multiple types of trucks, whose characteristics vary according to their load. The simplest trucks have a kind of box where the objects it carries are stored. Others have a refrigerated box specially designed for the transfer of goods that require cold, such as the meat and other foods.
There are trucks with cages to transport live animals; with tippers for "overturn" load; with mixing machines (concrete mixers ) to prepare concrete (also called concrete ); with cisterns to transfer liquids; with devices compactors for the trash; and with cranes , among many others.
There are many classifications that exist in terms of trucks. However, one of the most used is based on what is the weight of the vehicle in question. Based on that aspect there are the following types:
-Lightweight, weighing between 500 kilos and 2.5 tons.
-Light, weighing between 2.5 and 3.5 tons.
-Semilivianos, which are between 3.5 and 4.5 tons.
-Medians, weighing between 4.5 and 5.5 tons.
-Semi-heavy, whose weight is between 5.5 and 7.5 tons.
-High weights, which weigh between 7.5 and 9 tons.
-Extrapesados, weighing between 9 and 11.5 tons.
However, there are also mega-heavy, ultra-heavy and giga-heavy.
Trucks usually run on an internal combustion engine, fueled by gasoline or other fuel. However, there are also electric trucks : their engines, which do not generate pollution, have the ability to convert the electric power in mechanical energy .
In the framework of motor racing and sports shows, in some countries they develop truck racing , where these large vehicles compete with each other in different circuits.
In the same way, we cannot ignore the existence of an important song in Spain that uses the word in question in its title. We are referring to "I want a truck", which was a great success in the 80s and is already an essential "classic" of the country's music.
The rock band Loquillo y los Trogloditas was the one that interpreted this song that appeared, for the first time, in 1983 in the album "The rhythm of the garage" and then, in 1989, was released as a single.