The concept of sciatica or sciatic , which derives from late Latin sciatĭcus, can be used in different ways. As adjective , refers to that linked to the hip (the protruding parts that are formed by the bones that are on the pelvis). The notion can also refer to sciatic nerve : the thickest and longest body, distributed in muscles of the foot, thigh and leg.
Beyond these definitions, the most common use of the idea of sciatica refers to a neuralgia of this nerve . Sciatica, therefore, involves pain in the hip area.
The sciatic may be due to a irritation or one compression of this nerve or lumbar and sacral nerves. The ailment can be experienced in areas of the feet and legs, in the buttocks or throughout the lumbar region. Next to pain may appear a feeling of numbness and tingle .
Specifically, the most common symptoms of sciatica are the following:
-Pain in what is the lower back area.
-Pains that are relieved when the patient lies down or lies down.
- Constant pain in only one of the legs.
- Feeling of tingling and weakness in one leg.
-Pain of the foot or toes.
- Pungent pain that arises, especially when walking.
Due to sciatica, a person You may have trouble controlling or moving your leg. That is why it is a discomfort that causes great discomfort and can force you to remain at rest until it is reversed.
It is important to keep in mind that sciatica can be generated for various reasons. That is why you must determine what your cause is to follow the treatment correspondent.
The spinal stenosis and the spinal disc herniation For example, they can generate sciatica. Pregnant women can also suffer from this neuralgia due to the vertebral understanding generated by the weight of the fetus and the Pressure that the uterus performs on the sciatic nerve.
To minimize the pain caused by sciatica, it is possible to resort to analgesic and anti-inflammatory medications, stretching exercises and massages .
In the same way, we must bear in mind that other fundamental aspects of the treatment of sciatica are the following:
-Application of heat or cold, which can significantly help reduce existing pain.
-Epidural corticosteroid injections that are very useful for lowering inflammation and also for pain relief.
-In some cases, the treatment based on the aforementioned keys or drugs does not get relief of any kind. In that situation, we will have to resort to what surgery is. Specifically, this can be of two types: lumbar laminectomy or open decompression and microdiscectomy, which is a minor class surgery. The latter is carried out when the cause of sciatica is a herniated disc that is the one that is pinching the disc nerve. On the other hand, the first surgery will be to remove the part of the bone or disc that is responsible for the said clamp and usually has an effectiveness that is between 70% and 80%.