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Before knowing the meaning of the term carnation, let's determine its etymological origin. In this case, we can state that it is a word of Latin origin. Specifically, it comes from "clavus," which means "close."

It is a plant that is part of the family group of Caryophyll and is characterized by its beautiful aromatic flowers.

Scientific name Dianthus caryophyllus , the carnation is very popular in the Mediterranean areas. It usually measures about forty centimeters, with long and narrow leaves and flowers of five petals that are generally reddish. Because of its appearance and fragrance, carnation is usually included in parks and gardens.

For healthy growth, this plant needs soils with good drainage and being exposed to the sun. Your need for irrigation It is frequent, so it is important to avoid waterlogging.

Low temperatures threaten the life of carnations. Between the pests that can attack them, aphids and mites appear. The carnation can also suffer various diseases , such as fungal disorders Rhizoctonia solani and Fusarium oxysporum .

In addition to the above, we cannot ignore the fact that there is a symbology regarding carnations:
-White is synonymous with fidelity, pure love and even innocence.
-The red carnation means love and passion.
-The pink carnation is synonymous with love but maternal in particular or family in general.
-The yellow carnation is used to indicate sadness and disappointment for a love that has not been reciprocated.
-The green carnation, meanwhile, is the one that associates with one of the most relevant parties in Ireland. We are referring to St. Patrick's, although its most typical flower is clover.

Other interesting or curious facts about the carnation are the following:
-A carnation infusion is appropriate to reduce menstrual pain and also to calm the nerves.
-It is considered the most typical flower of Spain and, in addition, it should be noted that it exerted as a symbol of what was the Ottoman Empire.
-It is believed that King Louis IX was the one who, in the 12th century, proceeded to take the first carnations to the gardens of Europe.
-The carnations bloom all year.
-In the case of Spain there are very diverse songs that have been inspired by carnations or that have them as protagonists. This would be the case, for example, of "Clavelitos".

It should be noted that the traditional medicine appeals to the use of carnation to treat digestive problems, cough , toothaches and hypertension. Usually its supply is developed by infusions.

Carnation is also the name of a bovine breed originally from the German territory that was introduced in Chile . These cows They usually have white limbs and spine that combines white and red. Their females are able to give 4,500 liters of milk in each lactation.

It is known as Carnation Revolution , on the other hand, to the uprising that took place in 1974 and generated the collapse of the dictatorship from António de Oliveira Salazar . The name comes from the flowers that protesters used against the regime as distinctive.

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