Who wants to know in depth the term judged that now concerns us, the first thing to do is proceed to discover its etymological origin. Specifically, we have to say that this is in Latin because it emanates from the verb Iudicare, which can be translated as "dictating a verdict."
A court is a single judge court or one board of judges that concur with the objective of giving a judgment . The term, by extension, is used to name the site where you judge . For example: "Tomorrow I have to go to court to testify by López's trial", "The court determined that the accused was innocent and ordered his immediate release", "The members of the court were threatened by the families of the victims".
Court can be used as a synonym for cut or court from Justice . In this case, the court is a public body that resolves disputes under its jurisdiction. It can be a sole court (the resolutions are dictated by a single judge) or a collegiate Court (a plurality of judges dictate the resolutions).
In the case of Spain we would have to say that there are very different types of courts, including those of peace, first instance and instruction, those of the criminal, those of the social, those that deal with matters of the administrative-contentious field , those of minors or even those of penitentiary surveillance.
Courts can also distinguish between ordinary (must respond to issues that occur in their jurisdiction, whatever their nature or actors), specials (established by the Constitution to solve certain particular matters or judge certain people) and arbitral (whose judges are not public officials).
According to the hierarchy, there are lower courts (occupy the lower grade of the judicial pyramid) or superior (also called magistrates). Regarding the procedural stage in which they intervene, on the other hand, we can talk about trial court (in charge of the preparatory proceedings of the trial) or judging court (they dictate the sentence).
Another classification of the courts refers to the courts of common jurisdiction and the courts of special jurisdiction , according to its field of competence within the framework of current legislation.
In addition to all of the above, we cannot ignore the existence of a colloquial expression that is frequently used and that includes the term we are now analyzing. It is the adjective phrase "of court of guard". With it, what we are trying to express is that a fact or a comment is intolerable, scandalous and absolutely inadmissible.
An example of the use of that is the following phrase: “The statements of the bank manager that you had to work harder and earn less to get out of the crisis are on duty, both because of the misery that many families live and because he has been accused of tax fraud. "
Interestingly, it should be stressed that one of the most significant television series of the 1990s was titled "Courthouse". A comedy was this that told the peculiar situations that occurred every night in a Manhattan courthouse.