It is known as gluttony that human mechanism characterized by the excessive appetite in eating and drinking .
Within the rules of the religion Christian , a person who gets carried away by his desire to eat and / or drink more than his body needs, is committing a sin capital .
For this religion there are three types of sins: mortals (the most serious), venials (the most common) and capitals (related to the most dangerous temptations of the flesh). The capital sins are seven: lust , sloth , go to , envy , avarice , pride and gluttony . It is worth mentioning that today the latter is also known as gluttony.
In colloquial speech the term is used to refer to an exaggerated appetite attitude, without going into moral judgments . Some phrases that are often said to include this expression are: "Do not eat more. It is because of gluttony and not because of hunger that you are doing it", "Don't let yourself be dominated by gluttony, we all have to eat!", "Last night I gave myself to the gluttony and today my stomach hurts, but I can't complain".
Returning to moral considerations, instilled by the church through doctrine, this sin is committed because there is a spiritual disorder in the individual that leads him to lose control About their own acts. The way in which this instability materializes is to give free rein to the strongest impulses in the body; in each person the desires of the meat vary, according to their tendencies. In the case of people who are dominated by gluttony, there is usually a great anxiety that is manifested by a disorder in the priority desire for them: eat .
It is also said that someone is dominated by gluttony when he eats or drinks something that he knows will cause him problems of Health . The desire to get pleasure is stronger than your own conscience about the disorder that will cause him to act, and he cannot resist the impulse.
In turn, a person who is not able to enjoy food, but concentrates on eating as much as he can during the meal, also incurs this capital sin. In this case, They are usually individuals who do not pay attention to those who accompany them during the meal And they eat voraciously.
Finally, it is worth mentioning that a concept opposite to gluttony is the fast . Voluntary abstinence from food for a certain period of time is known as such. Fasting can be done for religious, political or health reasons.
Gluttony in art
Capital sins are they have echoed in numerous works of art . There is, for example, a painting by Pieter Brueghel entitled "The seven deadly sins or the seven vices" in which the seven weaknesses that cause such errors are illustrated.
In particular, various paintings have been made of gluttony and has also appeared in numerous narratives throughout history. Here are some examples.
* In "The Divine Comedy" by Alighieri , gluttony is one of the protagonists. There, the penitents found in Purgatory are forced to stand between two trees that hang fruits that they cannot reach; It is a form of punishment so they can understand how harmful and distorted their desire is.
* Hieronymus Bosch, better known as the Bosco He dedicated much of his career to working capital sins through various techniques. Thus, he made a series of paintings in which he presented the characteristics of each of the seven deadly sins. The most famous is the one where the seven are embodied; The gluttony is represented with a man who is eating greedily, seems to be out of reality, just pay attention to the act of eating. This painting is known as "The table of the seven deadly sins." He also made another painting on gluttony exclusively; It is entitled "Allegory of gluttony and lust." In her a group of people are seen eating and drinking wildly They have enlightened faces, as if possessed by a strong internal drive.