Iliad it is not a term that is part of the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE ). This is the title of a epic which is usually attributed to Homer , a poet of the Ancient Greece who lived in him 8th century BC .
A epic is a poem of great extension that revolves around a great event or the feats achieved by a hero. In the case of Iliad , presents 15,693 verses that are divided into 24 rhapsodies or songs.
In the Iliad , Homer account facts that happened in the last year of the trojan war (or Ilium , in Greek). According to the poet, this conflict arose from a punitive expedition made by the Achaeans against Paris the prince of Trojan , who would have abducted or seduced Helena of Sparta . The action narrates the fury of Achilles (one of the heroes of the trojan war ), son of the Nereid Thetis and of the king I fight .
It is important to keep in mind that many issues related to the Iliad and its author are usually debated by historians. On the one hand, there are those who even doubt the existence of Homer , although most specialists agree that he lived in the 8th century B.C. in the region from Ionia .
According to theory more accepted, Homer would be the author of the Iliad , work that would have created in the second half of the 8th century B.C. Homer I would have also developed the Odyssey , considered next to the Iliad as the most relevant literary compositions of the Ancient Greece .