The dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE ) define the illuminism as the school or the enlightened method . It's about the doctrine followed by the members of a 16th century religious movement or by the members of a 18th century sect .
In the first case, the followers of Enlightenment were known as lights . These people considered that, through prayer and dedication to God , reached a state of perfection that allowed them to remain free of sin despite not doing good deeds or practicing the sacraments.
This kind of illuminism arose in the Spanish territory and was considered heretical. The luminaires maintained that they had no will of their own, but that God He guided their behavior: that is why they could not sin. Being driven directly by God They rejected religious dogmas and church .
Illuminism can also be linked to secret society that in the century XVIII , promoted a moral system that was opposite to the one in force at the time. These enlightened intended to perfect the world .
Illuminism, on the other hand, is usually associated with Illustration : a movement that sought to impose the predominance of reason and knowledge as an engine of progress. It was developed in the century XVIII , known for this reason as Century of the lights .
According to the followers of enlightenment, the knowledge it was the necessary tool to build better societies, where tyranny and ignorance did not take place.
"Dialectic of Enlightenment" or "Dialectic of the Enlightenment" finally it is a work published in 1944 by Max Horkheimer and Theodor Ornament . In it, these authors analyze fascism and mass culture and reflect on reason in relation to the social system.