The notion of impartiality It can be understood as a criterion of Justice which is based on decisions made with objectivity . This means that the person in charge of judging or resolving an issue should maintain impartiality and not be influenced by prejudices or interests that lead him to try to benefit one of the parties.
For example: “The impartiality of the judge has been questioned by the accused”, “They gave me the responsibility of choosing the best player in the tournament since they believe that my decision will be based on impartiality”, “In such a situation, there is no impartiality that is worthwhile: it is essential to be on one side or the other”.
To understand the concept of impartiality, we can take any dispute and divide it into three blocks or issues. On the one hand, we will have the interests and the reasons of one of the parties. On the other, the interests and reasons of the other party. In the middle, impartiality is located: based on objective criteria and, if possible, to factual data , it is understood that impartiality is the path to a fair decision.
Suppose two children are playing in the chemistry lab of their school and suddenly one of the two throws a test tube by accident. The noise alerts one of the teachers, who heads to the scene immediately and asks the two students who he has been; In the absence of a response, he is forced to question a third party that he believes witnessed the incident. The latter, despite not having seen anything, strongly accuses one of the two, since he has a deep friendship with the other, taking a decision unfair and of an opposite nature to impartiality.
Journalism and impartiality
Fairness is synonymous with justice, of Balance, of absence of prejudices. It is not easy for a journalist to provide objective coverage of the news, without being influenced at all by his own beliefs and convictions, since he must analyze each event from an outside point of view. It is part of your task to accurately reflect each opinion about the same topic, so that the public has tools to appreciate the version closest to the truth.
In the face of controversial news, the work of a journalist becomes even more difficult than usual: demonstrations against the legality of abortion, cases of child abuse, immigration-related problems, stories Racism and aggression due to discrimination are some of the examples against which personal opinion should be especially excluded from a journalistic report.
Some of the points that a journalist must take into account when dealing with such an issue are the following:
* show a wide range of opinions about;
* study opposing views, and ensure that everyone receives a space similar to the rest, to avoid favoritism;
* prevent any of the currents of thought found out of the report.
Although, at a glance, journalistic work is accepted as a source of information, which not everyone accepts as unquestionable, we are more vulnerable to the press than we think: what at first is only a fact heard when passing on a television program can quickly become an idea of its own. No one is born with values and opinions, but learns to make judgments through experience and what the elders do.
The impartiality of a journalist is important not only to transmit the news correctly, but not to collaborate with the intoxication of the minds of children with closed and unfair ideas, to teach society to think for itself, to complement the work from investigation with a certain degree of reasoning and valuation, instead of simply consuming the information indiscriminately.