A empire , from Latin imperium, is a form of state organization in which the authority falls on the figure of the emperor. In these state, therefore, the emperor holds power and is the monarch.
The concept is also used to name the time period in which the government from one of these leaders, to the era in which a nation had emperors and all the territories ruled by an emperor.
An empire is usually constituted by the power of a state that dominates the territories of different nations. For example, him German empire or Second reich existed between 1871 and 1918 and he had various kingdoms, ducats and principalities under his control, such as Prussia , Bavaria , Baden , Bremen and Hamburg , among others.
There are times when the term empire is used to name a power (either military or economical), although his agent does not have the title or the powers of emperor. In recent years, many sociologists and political scientists rated U.S of empire for its warmongering policy (which led to invade territories like Afghanistan and Iraq ) and because of the enormous pressure it exerts from its economic dominance.
The concept also refers to the action or the result of prevailing (give orders): “I want to restore in this nation the law Empire", “The empire of corruption and crime has caused society to move away from the political class”.
The Russian Empire
One of the great empires in the history of humanity is the Russian, who ruled between 1721 and 1917 and occupied not only important areas of the European Continent, but also parts of Asia and North America. This political body called itself Imperial Russia; It was initiated by Pedro I and culminated in the 1917 Revolution.
Pedro I assumed as Tsar after overthrowing his sister Sofia and, as he had extensive knowledge military, undertook a conquest that would be remembered forever; He managed to dominate a territory that reached 22,900,000 km² and which included people from more than one hundred different ethnic groups. It housed almost all the Baltic countries, the Caucasus and much of Central Asia, in addition to some regions of Alaska.
Peter I was the creator of the naval forces of Russia and reorganized the army based on the system European, paying the soldiers as if it were any job. All the changes that the Empire was developing responded to a single ideal, an absolutist model where the only existing authority was the tsar himself. Its objective was to create an Empire that had modern technology and was affirmed on renewal ideas. He also made great contributions in art and education and encouraged the people to adopt western customs and ideas; This, although it brought many advantages, also widened the gap between the nobility and the people.
In 1917, in full First War World, groups of Marxists and anti-Zarists rose against the Tsar, which was then Alexander II; they succeeded in overthrowing it and the Russian Republic declared itself. The causes of this uprising were many, but fundamentally it was due to the great poverty that began to plague one of the countries that had once had one of the highest economic growth rates in all of Europe. In addition, Russia was in crisis because of the great discontent that prevailed in the town with respect to the Tsarist government.
The Russian Empire was one of the largest in history, along with the British and Spanish; In any case, it is important to object that, although the Roman was much smaller, his cultural influence on the dominated regions has positioned him among one of the most remembered in all history.
It is worth mentioning finally that the term imperialism , refers to the behavior and tendency of a state that wants to place itself above others. This current is linked to the wishes of expansion and annexation of others land.