Impunity , from the Latin word unpunished, is a term that refers to the lack of punishment . It is known as punishment, on the other hand, to pain that is imposed on the one who has committed a lack or a crime .
This means that, when there is impunity, the person who has incurred a fault or a crime does not receive the penalty due for his actions. In this way, their sanctions are not sanctioned or amended. conduct .
For example: "The neighbors gathered in the square to demand an end to impunity", "I will not accept impunity in such a transcendent case", "The murderer enjoys impunity and can still walk with total freedom".
Impunity can be understood as the evasion or the escape of the sanction that implies a fault or a crime. Typically, impunity occurs when, for political or other reasons, a person who is responsible for violating the law he does not receive the corresponding punishment and, therefore, his victims do not receive any reparation.
Take the case of a car salesman who fraud to buyers. The victims and their lawyers argue that, according to the law, the offender is sentenced to four years in prison. The judge in charge of the case, however, considers that there is insufficient evidence to convict the seller and acquit him. The victims argue that it is a case of impunity and that the scammer bribed the judge to buy his freedom.
Impunity is often associated with the rich and famous, especially in cases of tax evasion, given the tactics that many stars use to not pay all their taxes, which returns the balance even more in their favor in what to fortune it means.
In general, cases that go unpunished are characterized by frustration and the feeling of helplessness of the people affected. This occurs especially in crimes that cannot be solved, whether due to corruption or lack of evidence, since someone loses their lives in a horrible way and their relatives and friends must endure that the guilty enjoy their freedom and, as if that were not enough, continue committing murders.
Other cases that often end in absolute impunity do not include direct violence, but negligence, which can have even worse consequences. An example was the death of Florencia Mesa, a 7-year-old girl who innocently played in a hammock when the detachment of the structure took away her lifetime of a strong blow to the skull. The parents declared that the square was not in good condition and the experts were able to determine that the wear of the games was alarming; however, no one was designated as directly responsible.
There is a special almost cultural fear that the thugs will go unpunished, although many of the people who have had to go through cases like that of poor Florencia Mesa say that after a few years the fight focuses on no more victims and not a mere revenge in the best style the talion law. Impunity is serious because it shows that justice is not perfect and that makes it clear that the State cannot always protect us and that it cannot guarantee solutions to all our social problems.
It is important to underline that impunity does not always respond to the lack of principles on the part of the authorities, but can arise as a result of a very well planned crime, which does not leave enough evidence to follow the trail of its authors.