This term comes from a Latin word that refers to something that cannot be alienated (that is, whose domain cannot be passed or transmitted from one individual to another). The inalienable, therefore, cannot be sold or assigned legally.
The inalienable rights they are those considered fundamental; which cannot be legitimately denied a person . No government or authority It has competence to deny them, since they are part of the essence of the person. The human rights They are inalienable rights.
These types of rights, on the other hand, are inalienable . No subject can part with them, not even of their own free will. For example: there is no voluntary slavery. A person cannot renounce his freedom and submit voluntarily to the mandates of another human being.
Other inalienable human rights are that of equality and fraternity It is worth mentioning that they are considered fundamental for the normal development of an individual and consist of the ethical and moral basis that protects the dignity of people.
The inalienable rights are inherent to the individual by the mere fact of belonging to the human species. This means that the way in which they are acquired is involuntary. From the moment an individual is born, he owns them and cannot get rid of them until the day of his death. And there is no possible legal order or punishment that can deprive you of these rights.
Characteristics of human rights
It is often said that human rights are inalienable , irrevocable and nontransferable . In addition to being protected by various international laws, human rights are considered as an ethical and moral basis to protect the dignity of people.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR ), which was adopted by the United Nations in 1948 , collects the inalienable rights of human beings. The union of this declaration and the international agreements agreed by the countries receives the name of International Charter of Human Rights .
The first to postulate this concept was John Locke, an English thinker of the seventeenth century. His idea was to ensure that once human rights were raised, no person for belonging to a particular ideology or policy, decided to part with them. In this way, it was considered that the rights would be inalienable, so that no one could renounce their own rights or violate those of other human beings, for any reason.
This characteristic of human rights establishes a close relationship between individual and social rights. Thus, the right to freedom in all its aspects (in terms of opinion, thought, to exercise a religion, etc.) and the right to work in all that it means (to fair working conditions, to social security) acquire equal relevance. , etc).
In recent years, the work of various specialists leads us to ask whether these rights are exclusive to our species or should extend to other animals or sentient beings. Thus, from different groups defending animal rights, they express the urgency of cessation of their exploitation in order to assure them absolute freedom and invulnerability in their rights. A series of issues then arise that should be considered from the legal order.
Just as several decades ago laws had to be developed to favor the most disadvantaged classes of the human population, it would be appropriate to do the same with those species that are used for the benefit of the human being, who are deprived of liberty and even life for satisfying needs that could otherwise be met.
If we have the capacity to impose the inalienability of these rights on human beings, would it not be appropriate for us to do so with those who have a way of feeling and experience similar life to ours?