Independence is the quality or condition of independent (which is autonomous and that n has dependence on another). The concept is usually associated with the freedom . For example: “I will never get married since I want to maintain my independence and not be accountable to anyone”, “To achieve the independence of my parents, I need to find a job that allows me to meet my expenses”, "Because of a painful illness, the artist has lost his independence and must have the permanent assistance of a nurse".
The notion of independence allows naming the State that does not depend on or is a tributary of another. It emerged as a political concept after the United States Declaration of Independence which was presented in 1776 . From then on, many other countries began to respond to European colonialism with their own declarations of independence, which used to be the fruit of complex processes.
Before reaching independence, the colonies had to wage wars or carry out revolutions. Only then, by action of the force , the colonizers ended up giving up the power of their domains.
Spain is another of the many countries that at certain times in its history has been dotted with different conflicts in matters of independence. Thus, for example, in the period between 1808 and 1814 the well-known Spanish War of Independence took place, in which the natives of the nation fought with all their strength with the clear objective of not falling into the hands of what would be the First French Empire, which had as the top leader Napoleon Bonaparte.
Among the most important events that make up this aforementioned war, we should highlight the May 2 Uprising, which was one of the events that would be established as the origin of it. That basically consisted of a popular uprising due to the confusion and political instability that would be restrained by French troops.
No less important at the historical level is the one known as the Declaration of Independence of Israel that was produced in 1948, the date on which the British legally stopped sending over the country. It was the result of various conflicts such as those faced by Jews and Arabs, who longed for the same thing: Palestine.
The plan that wanted to put an end to this problem established a division of the land in two, one for the Arabs and one for the Jews. However, the former did not accept it at all and that would be how the creation of this declaration and a subsequent Arab-Israeli war would come to an end, which would end Israel's victory.
Political independence has extended to most countries of the world, leaving few territories in conflict. However, the economic independence and the cultural independence they are symbolic, since the most powerful states impose their conditions on the rest. This reason causes many progressive political movements to promote a new independence, beyond political sovereignty.
It should be noted that independence is not the same as autonomy. This second concept is linked to the decentralization of power granted by certain faculties and powers to a community that, ultimately, remains dependent on a central government.