The concept of interculturality aim to describe the interaction between two or more cultures in a horizontal and synergistic way. This assumes that none of the sets is above another, a condition that favors the integration and the harmonious coexistence of all individuals .
It should be noted that this type of intercultural relations implies respect for diversity; Although conflict development is inevitable, they are resolved through respect, dialogue and the agreement.
Although the idea of interculturality was born relatively recently, there were few researchers from the communication , the anthropology , the sociology and the marketing They have worked on the concept. The notion differs from multiculturalism and pluralism by its direct intention to promote dialogue and rapprochement between cultures.
Keep in mind that interculturality depends on multiple factors , such as different conceptions of culture, communicative obstacles, lack of state policies, social hierarchies and economic differences. Also according to the perspective with which it is observed can be understood in one way or another. For example, if the concept is analyzed from the ethics We can discover that the way in which it is involved in the rooting of social values is through the promotion of respect for diversity, where each person has the right to be as they wish and the same paradigm is valid for groups. Ethics tries instill related values to build democratic societies, integrated and where harmony is the protagonist of social interaction.
If, instead, you look at the concept from a vision purely practical social life , it may be noted that interculturality brings many benefits for communities , since through the exchange of a varied culture, extensive benefits can be achieved for the individuals and groups that make up that community.
On the other hand, if the analysis is carried out from each person We can say that having a way of living where interculturality and integration are indisputable bastions, the possibilities that will open before our eyes will be more varied, we will allow us to get in contact with people absolutely different from us without thereby contradicting our own identity and being able to enrich ourselves widely .
There are many ways to promote interculturality in a society. First of all the work resides in families, where children must be raised freely, without imposing strict ideas or knowledge , but by inspiring them to think and lose their fear of what is different. Secondly, in communities, projects that seek to gradually eliminate prejudices and preconceptions around certain individuals or groups should be developed. Finally, integration must be promoted from the highest positions, allowing any citizen to access equal rights without putting the essence of being, its capabilities, tendencies of any kind or its place of origin.
It is necessary to clarify other ways in which the concept can be understood. The interpersonal interculturality , it happens when individuals from different cultures come into direct contact from some electronic medium, such as Internet , radio or television.
In addition, the analysis of the intercultural approach always consists of three stages: negotiation (the symbiosis that is required to achieve understanding and avoid confrontation), the penetration (leave the place itself to take the point of view of the other) and the decentralization (a perspective of reflection).
Finally, it is worth mentioning that in order for interculturality to be effective it is necessary to comply three basic attitudes , like the dynamic vision of cultures, the conviction that close ties are only possible through communication and the formation of a broad citizenship where there is equal rights.