The Latin word scutarius came to our tongue as squire . It is a term with several meanings recognized by the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE ) in its dictionary .
A squire is an individual who, by kinship or blood, was part of some estate of the nobility . It should be remembered that the social stratum is called nobility composed of those who had a title of the kingdom, either by granting a monarch or by inheritance.
Squire was also called assistant of a gentleman whose function was to bring him the shield . In peacetime, these servants were responsible for serving the Lord in various fields.
The life of the medieval squires was very particular: on the one hand, they were servants, since they had to work for their master for many years or even their entire lives; but his position was quite respectable for the time and his obligations were not as sacrificed as those of the vassals They worked the field.
In general, the squire did not fight with his knight, but instead brought him the shield and assisted him in everything he could need, such as the replacement of weapons and horses, the healing of his injuries, the transfer of the wounded in the battlefield to a safe area to attend them and, if they did not survive, to bury them in a dignified way. While the Warriors they had no interest in facing the squires of the other side, since they focused on people of the same rank or from a superior one, it was common for the squires to try to defeat some gentleman, for the prestige that would entail.
The formation of the medieval squire was varied: on the one hand, he trained in the art of war, but he also learned to read and, in many cases, to write, in addition to studying singing, music and dancing. When he reached 21 years of age, he had the possibility of being appointed gentleman. East honor I received it from a gentleman or a gentleman, through a simple ceremony, in which he touched his shoulder with a sword (very popular image thanks to its use in fiction).
Of course it was not easy to become a gentleman; the squires who had this luck used to own land or have economic income to face the responsibilities that this entailed rank . They could also obtain this recognition in the middle of the battlefield, if they demonstrated an unusual performance and called the attention of a great lord.
In short, the life of the medieval squire was not exactly that of a slave, but many used it as a transitional stage towards their great plans for the future, along which they had the opportunity to receive a good education and to do friendships with people from influence .
Another meaning of squire that mentions the RAE refers to who is dedicated to make shields . These defensive weapons, used to protect the body from different kinds of attacks, were very important when most of the fighting was carried out melee. Currently, shields are only useful for security forces in certain areas.
Squire Finally, it is a fairly common last name in Spain and in some countries Latin Americans Osvaldo "Pichi" Escudero , for example, was an outstanding Argentine footballer who became champion of the U20 World Cup from 1979 with the national team and who played in Boca Juniors , Union of Santa Fe , Central Rosary , Barcelona from Ecuador and other equipment.
Vicente Escudero (1888-1980), on the other hand, was a leading choreographer and Spanish dancer, who also dedicated himself to the literature , painting and acting. Escudero contributed to popularize flamenco.