The word work we have to say that etymologically comes from Latin, and more specifically from the word "opera", which can be translated as "work".
The concept of work is related to the thing produced by the man . With various uses and meanings, the term can refer to a material object or an intellectual product.
Public , from Latin publĭcus, is something manifest, notorious and seen or known by all. The notion also refers to what belongs to all the society and that, therefore, is common to the people. In this sense, the public opposes the private , since it has no owner.
A public work is the one that develops the State and that has a social purpose . These works are financed with public funds (collected through the taxes and tributes ) and have no profit motive (that is, their goal is not to generate financial gains, but to provide a useful service to the community).
Public works are made up of a wide variety of construction work . The development of transport infrastructure (roads or routes, ports, railways, airports, etc.), hydraulic (dams, treatment plants) or urban (street lighting, parks) and the creation of buildings of social interest (hospitals, schools) They are part of public works.
In this sense, we would have to review that in all cities, various types of public works are carried out annually with the clear objective that residents can enjoy improvements that result in a better quality of life. In that sense, it is common for them to be put into construction from parks, which act as green lungs of the population, to new communication routes to be perfectly related to other cities through schools or hospitals, where those can see their educational needs covered or sanitary
In addition to all of the above, we would have to underline that in various parts of the world there are companies specialized in what public works would be. Thus, for example, in the Spanish autonomous community of Andalusia is the Public Works Agency of the Junta de Andalucía. Through it, the regional government undertakes all the necessary policies and actions regarding the construction and commissioning of roads, public facilities, railways or any other type of infrastructure.
The implementation of a public work can be accomplished in various ways. Sometimes, the State hires workers directly and takes care of their wages. In other cases, a bidding or a similar process for private companies to present their development offers and the State to choose the most convenient proposal. Thus, public funds go to the company winner, who must take care of the construction.
Finally, we should highlight that there is a media called Obra Pública.com. This is a digital newspaper from Argentina that takes into account not only the infrastructures that are going to be carried out in the country but also the tenders that are launched or the awards that take place in this regard.