The concept of Utopia (also recognized without tilde, that is, as Utopia ) was driven for the first time, experts say in linguistic matters, for Tomás Moro . This word has been formed from two Greek neologisms: outopia (formed by ou -"no" - and moles -"place" -) and eutopia (euwhich, in Spanish, translates as "good" ), this would explain the utopian term as "what is nowhere".
Moor chose to name "Utopia" to a work he wrote in Latin around 1516 . According to different historians, the English writer and humanist (proclaimed saint by the Catholic Church in 1935 ) was shocked by the narratives of Americo vespucio on the island of Fernando de Noronha , sighted by Europeans in 1503 . It was then that Moor He decided to give descriptions of a new and pure place where he could develop a perfect society .
The utopian society of Moor it was structured of rational mode . All citizens lived in identical houses and property ownership was communal. The inhabitants spent their free time reading and art , and were not sent to war except in extreme situations. Thus, this society lived in peace and with a full harmony of interests .
The current acceptance of the word utopia allows reference to a project, entrepreneurship, optimistic system, future action, plan or doctrine which, at first, seems to be impossible to specify or fulfill.
In other words, utopia is understood as an idea of a perfect society, where harmony and coexistence reign and whose aspects political, economic and social they are balanced and allow the whole community to enjoy a peaceful life thanks to being part of an absolutely system ideal .
You can talk about economic utopias when people are encouraged to eradicate the existence of money and where citizens would only dedicate themselves to jobs that they like the most and that are oriented towards the common good Other existing utopias are those of character religious (like the popular manifestation about paradise), as well as the environmentalists and the policies (who yearn for world peace).
Finally, it should be noted that the utopian term is often used to name something that is considered highly desirable but impossible to achieve , and utopia to mention revolutionary ideas but impracticable in this reality and nowhere where the human being is a part.
The economic and political systems of all societies in the world are corrupt, unstable and carry thousands of problems (world hunger, poverty, epidemics, discrimination, etc); there seems to be no possible social organization that allows for balance and harmony. He doesn't capitalism , he did not communism neither feudalism, not even the monarchy, although some authors are inclined to highlight this form as the only one that worked relatively well (I have my serious doubts about them). It seems to be something intrinsic in humanity, social imbalance and conflict, however the way to change this negative situation without positive results has always been sought. As much as you think, it seems that there is no system capable of satisfying all social needs, no system that approaches the utopian ideal seems feasible in this world.
Finally, we can quote the Romanian-German author Herta Müller , who says that utopia is not the word full of future and revolution that everyone proclaims, but one that bury the true ideas . To understand this concept it is necessary to clarify that in the early 1960s the Communist Regime (the utopia that had been announced as the creator of a united and peaceful community) began to command in Romania and what it brought was deaths, extortion and misery hellish one dictatorship With all the letters. For Herta, utopia expresses a reality that no human being should desire because it is synonymous with lives doomed to certain death and censorship In all its forms.