Regime It is that system that establishes and regulates the functioning of something. Legal , on the other hand, is what is linked to law.
With these definitions clear, we can understand what the notion of legal regime . It is the set of laws and normative to which a certain subject must be submitted.
All activities and behaviors that are regulated by the State They are governed by a legal regime. This regime, in short, is given by the current legislation which is applicable to a certain link, situation, business, etc.
Yes one person decides to start a commercial venture and sell food on public roads, you should know what is the legal regime in which this activity is framed. So you will have to know what standards you have to respect in food processing, packaging and its disposition to consumers. If you do not respect the legal regime in question, your activity will be outside the law and therefore can be punished by the authorities.
The legal regime is always based on established laws. Its existence, therefore, requires stipulated regulations and in full force. When there are no laws on any matter (that is, there is a legal vacuum ), the legal regime is ambiguous and based on the jurisprudence That is being forged.
Thus, for example, we have to state that there is the legal regime of the Administration, which, therefore, is the one in charge of regulating by means of laws and regulations what is the action of the aforementioned Administration.
In Spain, this mentioned regime is based, for example, in Law 50/97, of November 27, and Law 6/97, in which they are established from the organization of what is the Central Administration to the powers of the council of ministers through delegated commissions, the responsibility and powers of state officials, state secretaries ...
However, we must not forget the Law 40/2015 which is the so-called Law of the Legal Regime of the Public Sector, achieved after carrying out a relevant reform, which addresses the aspects related to the collegiate bodies of the State Administration, the patrimonial responsibility of the Public Administrations, the electronic functioning of the public sector, the agreements, the organization of the territorial Administration or the consortiums and mercantile societies.
Many are the organizations that are in need of work, respect and determine the guidelines of a specific legal regime. Thus, for example, the Spanish Court of Accounts establishes that it has as such the Constitution and various organic laws, such as the Operation of the Court of Auditors, the General Electoral System or the Financing of Political Parties. All of them are the ones that will guide this organization, establish its structure and also its scope of work.
Beyond the legal regime, the administration of the Justice it ultimately depends on the interpretation that judges make of the laws that shape the regime.