From Latin repraesaliae, a reprisal is a revenge or one punishment response to some kind of aggression. Who executes retaliation seeks to obtain a satisfaction of the damage received.
For example: “His insults hurt me, but I will not retaliate”, "The retaliation was very hard and included attacks with stones and sticks", "In retaliation to the words of the singer, the inhabitants of Turuguayú burned their records in the town square".
Take the case of a conflict between neighbors . A man He complains because, in the house next door, there is a dog that barks all day. This person tries to talk and explain to the owners of the animal the discomfort caused by barking, but their neighbors do not enter into reasons. The affected man, therefore, decides to listen to loud music at dawn, in retaliation for the damage caused by his neighbors.
In the case of Spain, we have to say that historically there is talk of reprisals from the Civil War and Franco. These we can establish that they are all those men and women who, fundamentally for their political ideas opposed to the regime that was established, were victims of all kinds of torture and mistreatment and were even imprisoned and killed by the side that was victorious and that established a dictatorship in the country with Francisco Franco as leader.
Specifically, although it is difficult to establish an exact number, we have to say that it is estimated that more than 750,000 people are the victims of that dictatorship. Among those are from those that were for belonging to a union or a political party such as those who suffered reprisals for being part of ethnic minorities, certain cultural associations, groups with a certain sexual orientation or for being framed within resistance groups that They openly protested against Franco and the political regime that was launched.
Retaliation also appears within the framework of international relations . Typically, retaliation is a measure taken by a State against another to respond to the adverse acts of this, although without reaching the rupture of diplomatic relations.
In Ancient Greece it is where we can say that the origin of the use of the term retaliation is found from the point of view of International Law and relations between countries. Thus, at that time, we can discover that, in 423 BC and as a consequence of what was the Peloponnesian War, the well-known Megara Decree was established in Athens. Through this the helades, the ancient Greeks, prohibited the merchants of Megara from entering what were their ports.
Along the history However, there have been all kinds of reprisals that are outside any legal framework, such as bombardment of civilians in response to terrorist acts.
We can consider such a situation when a government accuses another of supporting a guerrilla group. In spite of the refusal of the leaders of the other nation, the leaders of the country that feels affected by the attitude of the other decide to interrupt the commercial exchange as a reprisal.