The concept of Taylorism comes from the postulates of the American Frederick Winslow Taylor , an economist and engineer born in 1856 and died in 1915 . Taylor devised a method to organize the work activity that is based on the specialization of the workers, the time control intended for each activity and the task division .
Taylorism, therefore, refers to the organization of activities carried out in the work environment with the intention of maximizing the productivity . It is usually defined as a scientific or rational organization system of labor tasks, which is committed to mechanization to increase efficiency.
What Taylorism does is divide the job in different sequences and record the time each one takes. Each worker works in a sequence: that is, he does not take care of the different steps involved in the work. Thus he specializes in a single stage of the production process.
A complex process, thus, is divided into several simpler tasks . The work of each worker is timed to minimize the loss of weather . Taylorism also relies on payment for productivity, driving the worker to work faster.
Taylorist scholars agree that it generated a remarkable amount of changes in the field of industry. Specifically, it brought about modifications such as these:
-Get the workers to specialize, thus increasing their skills and, therefore, the contribution they made to the production and benefits of the company in question.
-I gave the opportunity to have more control over the work at the plant of the different operators.
- It allowed that, thanks to the division of work in which it was based, could be able to reduce the costs and reorganize the tasks much better.
Taylorism is also associated with Fordism , which is based on serial production and the use of a Assembly line . The idea is that the worker should not move to perform his task , but that the pieces reach him through a machine that allows the continuous development of the production.
Fordism we have to expose that it is also considered that, like Taylorism, it introduced a series of notable changes such as these:
- He bet on what mass production was.
- It gave the opportunity that there were lower prices of the products when arriving at the market.
-It allowed the power to achieve greater earning capacity.
-The work processes became much more mechanized.
Within the field of education there is also talk of Taylorism or Taylorist method. In this case, we can say that it is an alternative that is based, above all, on what the student's academic results are. That is, the most important of all are the grades you get and not what the pedagogical processes could also be.
However, in recent years this type of method has fallen into disuse for other alternatives that are considered more appropriate for the times we have lived, where the effort must also be assessed regardless of the result achieved.