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A system It is a module of interrelated elements that develop interactions with each other. Legal , meanwhile, is that linked to right (the set of laws that organize society).

It is called legal system to the set of standards, institutions and agents what do they do to right that rules in a certain territory. This system is related to the design, application, analysis and teaching of the legislation .

The legal system can be understood as the series of objective type regulations They are valid in one place and at a specific time. The legal system is governed by the State in order to favor coexistence and set guidelines for the regulation of people's behavior.

Although different groups or families of legal systems can be recognized, it is important to note that each country has its own system: there are no same laws In all nations. In this way, the same action can be considered a crime in one place and not be subject to sanction in another. On the other hand, a crime can carry a certain penalty in one country and a very different one in another. All these questions depend on what is established by each legal system.

The legal system maintains a direct relationship with the legal system (the systematized set of laws, norms and rules). Those countries that are organized as a democracy have the Constitution as the supreme norm of the legal system and as a pillar of the legal system.

A possible classification for legal systems recognizes the families of Continental, Anglo-Saxon and Socialist Law, in addition to religious law systems. Each one of them is detailed below.

Continental Law

It is also known by the name of European continental law , French German Roman system Or simply, French Roman System , and it is the legal system that derives from that applied in the continental part of Europe. Its roots date from Roman, Germanic and canon law, as well as in the intellectual and cultural movement called Illustration , which existed between the end of the 17th century and the beginning of the French Revolution, a century later.

This type of legal system is used in most European countries, as well as in its colonies and is characterized by putting the law before jurisprudence, in addition to containing its rules in known legal bodies with the name of codes , which present a structure systematized and orderly.

Anglo-Saxon Law

In English it is known as Common law and derives from the legal system that was applied in Middle England. Currently, it is used in most of the territories influenced by Great Britain. Among its main characteristics, we can say that its creation arises from decisions that the courts take and that relies more on jurisprudence than on laws. Together with the standards body called equity (which in this context can be translated as "equity" or "justice"), is part of the basis of the law of North America.

Socialist law

This is the name given to the legal systems that emerged from the socialist states. Broadly speaking, socialist law also means the set of laws or legal systems that usually go hand in hand with socialism and its various aspects. His source of inspiration was the ideology Marxist-Leninist, although it presents certain differences.

Religious law

According to the Science of Law, religious law (or confessional ) is the legal system that a religious confession or church establishes for itself. Some examples known with canonical, Jewish and Islamic law. It is important not to confuse it with the concept of ecclesiastical law, since it includes the rules dictated by the State for the regulation of religious activities in its social framework.

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