A society can be organized in different ways, with different kinds of institutions, rules, etc. When the economy and social order are based on the management of State and the means of production are collective, the system is known as socialism .
This same concept is used to name the political and philosophical thought that developed Karl Marx and to the group or movement that intends to establish this type of system .
For example: "When I was studying at the university, I was a strong advocate of socialism", "Many believe that Cuba should abandon socialism to grow", "Socialism could get three new seats in the next elections".
The essence of socialism is found in the broad faculties of State to make decisions regarding the economy and the way in which goods are distributed. Ultimately, according to their philosophical postulates, it is the workers and producers themselves who must administer such assets, while political institutions must be subject to the control of citizens through democratic mechanisms .
All this implies that the term socialism, first used in the mid-nineteenth century by Robert Owen (Father of Cooperativism), over the centuries has been closely related to areas such as the labor movement.
In this sense it is important to highlight the figures of some of the most important socialists that have existed until this moment. Among them, figures such as that of the German Friedrich Engels who played a fundamental role in the realization of works that would later bring the birth of the aforementioned socialism.
And the same must be said of Mikhail Bakunin who exercised, both in Berlin and in Switzerland or Paris, as one of the most active members of the various socialist movements that were taking place in these cities in the mid-19th century. And that without forgetting that it also deserves to be emphasized by the fact that he founded the International Alliance of Socialist Democracy.
From that same time, but in Spain, it stands out, for example, the figure of Pablo Iglesias who is considered the Father of Spanish Socialism because he carried out the creation of the General Workers Union (UGT) and the Spanish Socialist Workers Party (PSOE) ). Political formation, the latter, which is now one of the two most important political forces of that nation.
Thus, Spain has been governed by leaders who belonged to the mentioned PSOE and these have been Felipe González Márquez, who was in power from 1982 to 1996, and José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero who ruled the country from 2004 to 2011.
Beyond these precepts, it is important to note that the definitions of socialism have varied throughout the history and according to the person in question. In general, it is argued that socialism is that movement that seeks to promote the common good through state intervention and the search for a more egalitarian society.
Although, at its birth, socialism was opposed to capitalism Several decades ago, movements began to emerge with certain ideological nuances. In this way, it is possible to find socialist parties that do not want to achieve revolution or abolish certain market freedoms.