In Latin it is where we can find the etymological origin of the term peers that now concerns us. Specifically, it derives from the word “paritarius”, which means “relative to the parts” and which is made up of two elements:
• The noun “pars”, which is synonymous with “part”.
• The suffix “-ario”, which is used to indicate origin.
Joint is a adjective which indicates that a certain organism It is made up of parts that they are equal in number and have identical rights . The most common application of the concept is found in the organizations whose members represent the employers and unions .
As noun , the term peer usually refers to a special commission which is formed by the same number of representatives of the Business (employer) and of workers (unions). The peers seek to generate an agreement on various aspects of the employment relationship , such as setting the minimum wage or hours to work per day.
It is common for the joint members to be convened by economic sector each a certain amount of weather , with the objective that the relations between workers and companies are consistent with the current context. The joint ventures allow updating the collective agreements that govern these links and resolve possible conflicts (such as strike ).
In general, the agreement that arises from a peer is reflected in the collective agreement of the sector. Saying agreement It is approved by the Ministry of Labor , which acts as a conciliator in the joint and formally responsible for its call.
Let's see how peers work through a fictional example. Bank workers, represented by the General Banking Union , claim a salary increase. To move forward with your order, ask the Ministry of Labor I summon a joint. In this way, a meeting between representatives of the workers and members of the National Association of Banking Entities . Once the commission is constituted, the relevant negotiations take place and an increase of 20% in the minimum wage is agreed. Said agreement is approved by the State through the Ministry of Labor and the banks, as of an established date, begin to perceive the increase in question.
In recent years, within the scope of the policy, a term of peer lists has been established. This is used to refer to those lists of political parties in which women also have a notable presence.
Trying to end this situation that has been lived for years in which the women barely held positions of responsibility within the political groups is what is pursued with these lists. It is an action of positive discrimination towards women and it comes to show itself as a measure that makes it clear that feminism is increasingly taking leaps and bounds and achieving important milestones in respect.
In this way there is also the concept of peer democracy. This we can say that it is the system of government in which not only the people have the power but in which a series of quotas are also set according to gender.
Precisely starting from that idea, there are the so-called zipper lists. These are those electoral lists in which the positions alternate between men and women, one gender occupying the odd positions and the other the even ones.