The concept of personification describe the act and the consequence of personifying . This verb has multiple uses: personifying can be understood as assign vitality or characteristics of man to animals, vegetables or objects ; carry out the representation of a individual, a system or event; or imitate a specific person within the framework of an artistic or written work.
For example: “The Lady and the Tramp shows the personification of two dogs that fall in love and manage to overcome class differences”, “Adolf Hitler is the personification of Nazism, a man who summarizes in his person all the racism and the hatred of a sick people ”, “Benicio del Toro was congratulated for the personification he performs of Ernesto Che Guevara in Steven Soderbergh's films”.
In literary theory, the personification, also known as prosopopoeia It is one of the best known rhetorical figures, found within fiction. It is a kind of metaphor which consists in characterizing a non-animated question as human. In this way, a thing is given traits and peculiarities that are characteristic of man, and the inanimate happens to be treated as if he had life.
In any case, it is necessary to clarify that the personification can not only reach inanimate physical things, but can also be linked to abstract notions: "The Death He arrived at the place and soon extended his hand to the old man. The old man tried to flee but no longer had the strength: he was embraced by Death and dragged to the Hereafter ”, “Athens, beautiful and ancestral, seduced the writer and conquered him by presenting an ancient world full of beauty. The novelist soon married the Greek capital and could no longer fool her with any other metropolis in her works. ”.
Many poets use this resource to express deep feelings or create unique poetic environments. Some examples appear in the verse of P. del Castillo that says "The stars were watching us / while the city was smiling" or Pablo Neruda's "The night is starry, / and they shiver, blue, the stars, in the distance. night wind spins in the sky and sings. "
The dangers of children's literature
In the literature For children, this resource is widely used. Not only does it appear in numerous fables and legends, but it also does so in written poetry for readers of these ages.
It is true that this resource can help a lot to understand reality, promoting imagination, reasoning and abstraction; however in many cases it also has aspects negative, since the child can develop unfounded ideas, inaccurate fears and less closeness with its surroundings.
For example, in the story of "Little Red Riding Hood", the wolf represents a child molester, a stranger with dire goals or an adult to be feared. However, from this reading, it is possible that many children understand that the danger It is found in the forest and by the hand of a being of another species, when in fact the true monster is in its own neighborhood or even in its own home. In other words, the figure of the wolf as an animal that should be afraid of moves deeply away from the true meaning of the story, distorting the message.
Possibly the reason why both personification is used in children's stories, without further explanations or guides, is that they are believed to be too young to understand things, but you have to keep in mind that reality as it is will not have metaphors for them, it will be hard and painful and it is better that they are prepared to face it. Beautify or paint the lifetime To make it seem less cruel, it can bring you more problems and misfortunes than knowing the world from inch to inch and knowing what to expect, who to trust and what not to do.